Okay, so, we went into detail about vitamins and why they are necessary. Now, we will discuss minerals!
Minerals are necessary for hundreds of metabolic processes (processes that are essential for life) from muscle contraction, to proper brain function, to many more.
Sodium! Sodium is a mineral, right? We get a lot of it. Basically, we drown ourselves in a river of salty goodness on a near-daily basis. The more salt the better, right? I mean, it’s a mineral. Minerals are good. It’s also an electrolyte, which means it is necessary for keeping us all hydrated and stuff! Wow! Sodium is the best! Yay, sodium!
…unfortunately, excessive amounts of sodium is not beneficial for health. Sodium is absolutely vital for a number of processes such as proper muscle contraction, nerve function, fluid balance, blood volume et cetera. But more is not better in the case of sodium. The vast majority of Americans exceed the recommended sodium intake on a daily basis. 90% of children and 89% of adults consume more sodium than is recommended for a healthy diet. Excessive sodium intake is a major risk factor in the development of High blood pressure. It is recommended to consume no more than 2,300 mg daily, and that number is drastically exceeded on a daily basis by most Americans.
There are two groups of minerals. Trace minerals and macrominerals. Trace minerals are minerals that we need in very minute quantities. Whereas with macrominerals, we need them in much larger quantities.
Macrominerals include: Sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, chloride, phosphorous and sulfur.
Trace minerals include: Iron, iodine, selenium, manganese, copper, zinc, fluoride, molybdenum, chromium.
I spoke about deficiencies in my previous post. Deficiencies are fairly common and the most prevalent deficiency in the world is actually iron. In fact, there are over two billion people in the world with Iron deficiency anemia. Over 30% of the world’s population is deficient in iron. over 30% of the world’s population!
Ho. Ly. Crap cakes that is a staggering amount of people that are currently deficient in Iron. Not only is it prevalent in underdeveloped areas, it is extremely common in developed areas of the world. If this post will not make you want to go smash a chunk of iron into your face, I don’t know what will. By the way, don’t do that. We need iron in trace amounts, not in amounts to make your own broadsword.
I will go into further detail about individual macro and trace minerals in future posts. If you have any questions for me, feel free to e-mail me at email@example.com or comment below!